The Gods Speak Wisdom
2015-05-30 01:17:14 UTC
Erebus, the unknowable place where death dwells, and Night. All else
was empty, silent, endless, dark. Then, Love was born bringing along
the beginning of order. From Love emerged Light, followed by Gaea, the
Erebus slept with Night, eventually giving birth to Ether, the heavenly
light, and to Day, the earthly light. Then, Night alone created Doom,
Fate, Death, Sleep, Dreams, Nemesis, and all things that dwell in the
darkness haunting mankind.
Meanwhile, Gaea alone gave birth to Uranus, the sky. Uranus became
Gaea's husband, surrounding her on all sides. Together, they produced
the three Cyclopes, the three Hecatoncheires, and twelve Titans.
However, Uranus was a cruel father and husband. He hated the
Hecatoncheires and imprisoned them by pushing them into the hidden
places of the earth, Gaea's womb. This angered Gaea and she plotted
against Uranus. She made a flint sickle and tried to get her children
to attack Uranus. All were too afraid, except the youngest Titan,
Gaea and Cronus set up an ambush of Uranus as he lay with Gaea at
night. Cronus grabbed his father and castrated him with the sickle,
throwing the severed genitals into the ocean. It is unclear as to what
happened to Uranus afterwards; he either died, withdrew from the earth,
or exiled himself to Italy. As he departed, he promised that Cronus and
the Titans would be punished. From the blood that was spilled on the
earth due to his castration, emerged the Giants, the Ash Tree Nymphs,
and the Erinnyes. From the sea foam that was produced when his genitals
fell in the ocean, emerged Aphrodite.
Cronus became the next ruler. He imprisoned the Cyclopes and the
Hecatoncheires in Tartarus. He married his sister Rhea, and had many
children. He ruled for many ages; however, Gaea and Uranus both had
prophesied that Cronus would be eventually overthrown by a son. To
avoid this, Cronus swallowed all of his children as they were born.
Rhea was angry at the treatment of the children and plotted against
Cronus. When it was time to give birth to her sixth child, Rhea hid
herself, then she left the child to be raised by nymphs. To conceal her
act she wrapped a stone in swaddling cloths and passed it off as the
baby to Cronus, who swallowed it.
This child was Zeus. He grew into a handsome youth at the island of
Crete. He consulted Metis on how to defeat Cronus. She prepared a drink
for Cronus designed to make him vomit the other children. Rhea
convinced Cronus to accept his son and Zeus was allowed to return to
Mount Olympus as Cronus's cupbearer, giving him the opportunity to
serve Metis' potion to Cronus. The plan work perfectly and the other
five children emerged out of Cronus. As gods, they were unharmed and
thankful to their youngest brother, they made him their leader.
Cronus was yet to be defeated though. He and the Titans, except
Prometheus, Epimetheus, and Oceanus, fought to retain their power; this
led to the War between the Titans and the Olympians called Titanomachy.
Atlas became their leader in battle and it looked for some time as
though they would win and put the young gods down. However, Zeus was
cunning; he went to Tartarus and freed the Cyclopes and the
Hecatoncheires. Prometheus joined Zeus as well. He returned to battle
with his new allies; the Cyclopes provided Zeus with lightning bolts
for weapons; the Hecatoncheires were armed with boulders, waiting in an
ambush. At the right time, Zeus retreated drawing the Titans into the
Hecatoncheires's ambush, who rained down hundreds of boulders with such
a fury that the Titans thought the mountains were falling on them. They
ran away, leaving Zeus victorious.
Zeus exiled the Titans who had fought against him into Tartarus, with
the exception of Atlas, who being the leader of the opposing force, was
punished to hold the universe on his shoulders.
However, even after this victory, Zeus was not safe. Gaea, angry that
her children had been imprisoned, gave birth to her last child, Typhon.
Typhon was the deadliest monster in Greek mythology and was known as
the "Father of All Monsters". He was so fearsome that most of the gods
fled; however, Zeus faced the monster and flinging his lighting bolts
was able to kill it. Typhon was buried under Mount Etna in Sicily.
Much later, Zeus faced a final challenge set by the Giants. They went
so far as to attempt to invade Mount Olympus, piling mountain upon
mountain in an effort to reach the top. Nevertheless, the gods had
already grown strong, and with the help of Heracles, the Giants were
subdued and killed.